Dermatophytosis | A common skin fungal infection

The infection of the nail, skin, or hair which is caused by the fungus Dermatophytosis. Trichophyton is the most common genus of dermatophytosis.

And the less common genus of it is Epidermatophyton or Microsporum. Such infections may cause dermatologic diseases which are onychomycosis, Tinea capitis, and Tinea Pedis. Ringworm is also called dermatophytosis. It is the skin’s fungal infection. Mostly it causes a circular rash, scaly red, and itchy.

The area on the skin which is affected by this disease may cause hair loss. Ringworms also affect many areas at a given time.

Symptoms of Dermatophytosis

          There are some following signs and symptoms of dermatophytosis.

  • Red Ringworms are commonly shown on the body by this infection.
  • Jock itch and athlete’s feet are caused by the infection of feet skin.
  • Infection on the nails known as onychomycosis and the nails may discolor, thicken and fall off or crumble, etc. This infection mostly affects adult people.

Some animals like cats and dogs may also be infected by ringworm. This is a Zoonotic disease, It may be transferred from animal to animal and humans etc.

There are some particular symptoms.

  • Nails may discolor, thicken, or start to crack.
  • Patches etc.
  • Patches on edges which cause to form a ring.
  • Raised patches or scaly and red patches etc.
  • Develop bald patches or blisters.

Causes of Dermatophytosis

There are some following common causes of dermatophytosis: Mostly fungi develop well in warm and moist areas like Swimming pools, Locker rooms, and folds at the skin, etc.

Dermatophytosis may be caused by the sharing t

     In the case of scalp ringworm, the treatment starts with oral medication. There are some ways to stop this infection, by avoiding touching the lesions and making good hygiene.

  • Avoid walking barefoot;
  • Wear protective shoes while walking in either the locker room or at the beach  etc.
  • The animals (pets) which have a fungal infection. Avoid such animals.
  • Use fungicidal soap with hot water.
  • Avoid sharing shoes or towels, sheets, sports equipment, and clothes, etc. 

owel, clothes exercise machine and footwear, etc.

Treatment of Dermatophytosis

     There are some following ways for the treatment of dermatophytosis or ringworm.

Antifungal Treatment: This method of treatment has some agents likewise tolnaftate, clotrimazole, miconazole, ketoconazole, or terbinafine are used two times in a day to show the symptoms. This method is used for 7 to 14 days. When the symptoms are shown then this treatment should be carried on for one week to stop the infection.

Usually, this type of treatment is carried for two or three weeks etc.

Systemic treatment:

Vaccination

There are not any approved vaccines present for the dermatophytosis of humans as of 2016. but the vaccine is present for cats, horse,s and dogs dermatophyte. 

Is the inactive vaccine of dermatophytosis of horse, dogs, and cats. Ringworm has been effectively controlled by systemic vaccination in the battles. There are some fungal strains such as Microsporum and trichophyton that have limited time protection by the use of dermatophyton. Some animals such as foxes and rabbits are treated against ringworm by the use of vaccines.

There are some natural treatments or herbal treatments for ringworm or dermatophytosis. Fungal infection is treated with many medicines but there are also some natural or herbal treatment present which has very proved effective

Herbal Treatment of Dermatophytosis

There are some important herbal ways by which we can tackle or treat fungal infections. Some of the natural treatment is given the following :

  •     Apple cider vinegar

Some fungal infections can be treated in some natural ways such as by the use of apple cider vinegar. It is an anti-fungal infection.  Ringworm can be treated by using apple cider vinegar with the help of cotton and the wiping of apple cider vinegar on the affected area of skin. This process helps to treat ringworm.

  •     Garlic

Mostly garlic is used for the treatment of some infection. It is not confirmed that ringworm can be effectively treated by using garlic. But some other fungal infections such as Cryptococcus , Torulopsis, Candida and trichophyton, etc can be treated effectively with the help of garlic . In this type of treatment, the crushed garlic paste is mixed with coconut oil. And this paste should be applied on the affected area of skin and remove the paste after two hours.

  •     Aloe vera

The research has been proved that there are some antiseptic agents present in aloe vera. It has antiviral, antifungal, antibacterial properties. The gel of aloe vera is used on ringworm infections for the treatment. This gel also has a cooling effect.

  •     Soapy water

We can prevent the fungal infections by cleaning our body in inappropriate ways and keeping skin moist free because we know that in most areas the fungus grows rapidly. We can make our body clean and moist free to get rid of fungal infection with daily use of soap and warm water.

  •     Coconut oil

Fungal cells can be killed with some fatty acids which are present in coconut oil. Fatty acids of coconut oil destroy the cell membrane of fungal cells. According to the latest research coconut oil is an effective treatment of ringworm. Coconut oil is used for other fungal infections. There is an effective way to control the escape from ringworm which is the moisturizing lotion of coconut oil.

  • Lemongrass oil

Another natural process of treatment is present in the process which helps to treat the different types of fungal infections. Lemongrass oil is also used for the treatment of ringworm and other fungal infections. We can use lemongrass oil by mixing it with other common oil and using it on infected portions of the skin .

  • Turmeric
  • Tea tree oil
  • Powdered licorice
  • Oil of oregano
  • Seed extract of grapefruit.

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