How can we get rid of paracoccidioidomycosis

Paracoccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection caused by Paracoccidioides fungi. This infection occurs in people who mostly work outside the rural area. South America is the hotspot of this infection and this is also known as South American blastomycosis. [1]https://journals.asm.org/doi/pdf/10.1128/CMR.6.2.89

Occurrence

It is mycosis of lungs skin mucus and membrane . It also damages the lymphatic systems and the organs which belong to the lymphatic systemsThe cure was very difficult but when the medicine is given to the patients as a medicine used for its prevention.[2]https://www.mdpi.com/2309-608X/7/2/157/pdf

Symptoms 

The common symptoms are included cough and breathing difficulties. In  children  the  symptoms  included  as  swollen  the  lymph  node  and  cause  the  severe  pain . It  can  occur  in  healthy  people  and  caused by  paracoccidioidomycosis. The immune system of the person is on the weekend gradually.

  • Breath shortness
  • Productive cough
  • The lesions of  the  mouth  and  throat
  • The rapid weight  loss 
  • The  swollen the  lymph  nodes 
  • The  fast  fever 
  • The  fatigue

Diagnosis 

A fungus detection test may be performed.  The fungus can be cultured into the laboratory and the fungus visualised and the examiner under the microscope.

The  diagnosis  can  be  easily  done  by  cutting  a  Piece  of  infected  areas  of  patients  and  examining them  under a microscope. It  is  also  cultured  in  laboratories  and  when  it  increases  in  number  the  microscopic  examination  can  occur  to  scientists .

  1. Biopsy of infected tissue  
  2. Shows characteristics of wheel-shaped yeast
  3. Culture
  4. Superficial scrapings
  5. In the majority cases radiography of the chest reveals interstitial infiltrates

Treatment 

  • The  care of  this  disease is  not  difficult  but  handling  is  most  difficult  .
  • Always use a mask.
  • Don not breathe in dirty air.
  • Use clean and pure water.
  • Always  use  healthy  food

Possible Medications of Paracoccidioidomycosis

For  the  prevention  of  this  disease  we  can  use  the  following  antifungal  medicines:

It is also found in other forms such as injection and syrups etc.

  • Triazoles
  • Itraconazole
  • Voriconazole
  • Terconazole
  • Imidazole
  • Ketoconazole
  • Sulfonamides
  • Trimethoprim
  • Amphotericin  B

Caution: You can use the medicine only after the consultation of a senior medical specialist. 

How can we get rid of paracoccidioidomycosis?

It usually occurs in those people who live in rural areas and  work in the outdoors who must use face mask to get rid of the spores of this disease. Similarly, person should check his/her hygiene properly. [3]https://www.scielo.br/j/rsbmt/a/Ynd6SxcPqLjtqkFyVp678zj/?format=pdf&lang=en

Reviewed by:
Dr. Shafaat Yar Khan  (Ph.D.) 
Medical University of Vienna, Austria    

Present: University of Sargodha, Pakistan

Our reviewers’ details, Click Here

References

References
1https://journals.asm.org/doi/pdf/10.1128/CMR.6.2.89
2https://www.mdpi.com/2309-608X/7/2/157/pdf
3https://www.scielo.br/j/rsbmt/a/Ynd6SxcPqLjtqkFyVp678zj/?format=pdf&lang=en

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