Allergic rhinitis: causes, analysis, treatment and awareness

Last Updated on March 14, 2023 by Dr. Saqib Mueed

Allergic rhinitis is called the inflammation of the nasal mucus membrane. It’s also known as hay fever. Hay fever is a pollen reaction in the nasal mucosa. In Australia and New Zealand, it impacted 18% of people aged 20 to 40 years. In the US, 10 to 30 percent of people in a given year are impacted. Your allergic rhinitis is frequently called hay fever.

Cases of Allergic rhinitis

When an allergen comes into your body, it releases histamine, which is a natural chemical that protects you from the allergen. Allergic rhinitis is caused by this chemical and its symptoms, including a running nose, sneezing, and itchy eyes.

Including tree pollens, other common allergens are:

In current years, pollens can be challenging. In spring, shrub and flower head pollens are shared. Swards and wildflowers harvest more pollen in the summer stock.

Hazard factors for Allergic rhinitis

Allergens can annoy anyone, but you are more prospective to have Allergic rhinitis if there is a past of allergies in your family. If you have asthma or atopic eczema, your danger of allergic rhinitis surges.

Various exterior features can elicit this state, specified further down:

  • Ciggy smolder
  • Substances
  • Icy temperatures
  • Moisture
  • Breeze
  • Air contamination
  • Hairspray for hair
  • Scents
  • Colognes
  • Woodsmoke
  • Fumes

Analysis of allergic rhinitis

If you have negligible allergies, you will only require a bodily assessment so that your doctor may execute some tests to a character out treatment and precautions for you.

A blood exam, or radio-allergosorbent examination (RAST), is also shared. The RAST detects the immunoglobulin E antibodies to exact allergens in your blood.

A warning sign of allergic rhinitis

  • Sneezing
  • A gooey nose
  • A smelly nose
  • A scratchy nose
  • Coughing
  • bronchitis
  • A stinging or irritating throat
  • Inflamed eyes
  • Water-logged eyes
  • Dusky circle underneath the eyes
  • Repeated headaches
  • Eczema-type signs, such as having enormously dry, uncomfortable skin that can wound and leak
  • Rashes
  • Needless tiredness

You will habitually sense one or more of these above indications.

Sorts of allergic rhinitis

There are two categories of allergic rhinitis which are set further down:



Periodic: Indications can take place in spring, summer, and primary drop. They are regularly beginning by reactivity to aerial fungus microorganisms or pollens from greenswards, grasses, or unwanted plants.

Persistent: Indications display year-round and are in general triggered by dirt ticks, domestic hair, or dander, cockroaches, or decay.

Allergic rhinitis can be accompanied by

  • Lessened attention 
  • Partial actions
  • Decreased decision-making capacity
  • Diminished hand-eye matching
  • Difficulties memorizing effects
  • Prickliness
  • Snooze illnesses
  • Weakness
  • Lost days of labor or institute

Several fathers of children with allergic rhinitis have examined that their children are more depressed and short-tempered during allergy time.

Treatments and awareness 

Allergic rhinitis can be treated in several ways. Such as medications, as well as home remedies, and likely other medicines. First, you must pattern to your doctor when you came to know about allergy beforehand trying any new treatment degree for allergic rhinitis.


Antihistamines can be hand-me-down as the medicine for the treatment of allergic rhinitis. They labor in your body as an inhibitor to bring to an end your body from assembly histamines.

Various widespread over the counter (OTC) antihistamines hold:

  • fexofenadine (Allegra)
  • diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
  • loratadine  (Claritin)
  • levocetirizine (xyzal)
  • cetirizine (Zyrtec)

Note: these medicines can be used only with doctor consent, otherwise these can be harmful.


You can use decongestants over a little period, typically you can use it for only three days, not for long. They boot out you from suffocating nose and sinus burden. Utilizing them for a lengthier period can basis a reflection end item for consumption means that just the once you stop your indications will come to be poorer. Normally recycled OTC decongestants take account of:

  • Oxymetazoline
  • Pseudoephedrine
  • Phenylephrine
  • Cetirizine with pseudoephedrine

Note: these medicines can be used only with doctor consent, otherwise these can be harmful.

If you have a matter of unusual heart pulse, heart sickness, past of stroke, nervousness, a snooze condition, high blood stress, or bladder problems, exchange with your specialist before consuming a decongestant.


Immunotherapy or allergy shots may be suggested to you by your physician. If allergies are acute, then you should use this method of the treatment plan in association with remedy or treatment for the control of your symptoms of that disease. Such injections lessen the immune response over time to certain allergens. 

With a process of rising life-threatening, an allergy shot continues. During this point, for about three to six months you will go to the allergist to get used to the allergen one to three days per week.

Sublingual immunotherapy

SLIT contains holding a pad under your tongue that includes a combination of several allergens. This turns like an allergy burst but does not activate with vaccination. It is also operative at pick up the tab dirt, tree pollen, cat dander, dust lice.   You can get your first prescription in your doctor’s office of any SLIT. Like allergy rounds, your doctor will habitually take the prescription for a definite date of time. Possible side effects include itching in the mouth or ear and throat irritation.

Eye drop and nasal spray

Over the small term, itchiness and antipathy induced effects can be treated with eye droplets and nasal showers. 

Steroids nasal sprays

Anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic causes, steroids can be helpful in runny nose, blocking of the snout, sneezing, and postnasal trickle.

Reviewed by:

Dr. Saeed uz Zaman


Medical specialist in Sargodha civil Hospital

Our reviewers’ details, Click Here

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