Volvulus | a painful intestinal disorder

Volvulus is a condition in which the intestinal loop twist around its self and supported by the mesentery. Which consequences of bowel hindrance. Sings comprise wounded stool vomiting abdominal bloat pain in the belly.

These conditions may be gradual or rapid. the curl is so tightly some time the blood flow to the part of the intestine may cut off which causes ischemic bowel. In those conditions, the patient may have a fever or feel pain while touching the belly.

The factors which are involved in the happing of volvulus commonly birth fault which we teamed as intestinal malrotation. secondly, if a person having a diet full of fibers increases the chances of that condition.

The dealing of the volvulus may be probable at the initial stage and the method used for treatment is sigmoidoscopy or teamed as a barium enema. The patients of the puberty stage having this disease the most exaggerated parts of the intestine are colon, sigmoid, and cecum.

Symptoms of Volvulus

The symptom of volvulus have sudden and sever so patients are in urgent situations for prompt evaluation.

These are the following symptoms of this disease  

  • Pain in the belly region and compassion
  • queasiness green fury
  • Vomiting
  • swollen tummy
  • bloody stool
  • constipation
  • distress

The newborn children or infants having volvulus can have additional sings for that which may be

  • rapid bouts of expression of grief
  • illustration in legs as if in soreness
  • laziness in child
  • also seen a high rate of heart beating and increase in breath

causes of volvulus

In the fetus, the volvulus of the small intestine may be caused by the malrotation. Malrotation is a condition or a wrong placement of the intestine in the belly region or it is settled in the wrong way in the abdomen cavity.

This wrong replacement becomes the cause of the blocking of the intestine by the means of twisting in the abdominal cavity. this also blocks the blood vessels and also causes constipation.

In mature humans causes of volvulus are

  • long colon part of the intestine
  • abdominal adhesions appear after operation off belly injury or infections causes volvulus
  • maybe due to disorders of large intestine like Hirschsprung’s disease
  • due to the part of the colon that is not attached by the wall of the abdominal cavity
  • unremitting constipation
  • also happened due to pregnancy duration

There are also risky additional factors that can be the cause of the disease volvulus

  • life form male
  • the people over 60 age
  • nursing home or long term care capability also increases the risk

this disease volvulus cane be caused by another primary circumstance or physical trouble  it can also be caused or appear by its self in human male-female as well as in children

Types of volvulus

There are different kinds of volvulus based on intestinal curl which are following

  • neonatorum volvulus
  • small intestine volvulus
  • volvulus od midgut intestine
  • volvulus of caecum also called as cecal volvulus
  • sigmoid volvulus;
  • oblique colon volvulus
  • splenic flexure volvulus also called the rarest
  • gastric volvulus
  • ileostomies volvulus

Gastric volvulus

It occurs when the stomach of the patient make a curl at 180 degrees and curl around mesentery and form a bowel like a barrier in the abdominal cavity  the patient having gastric volvulus also called as Borchardt’s triad

This may sing as sudden and severe pain in the belly region and sometimes uncontrolled vomiting  a nasogastric pipe is not able to pass through the gut of intestine

As soon as possible treatment should be done to lessen complication caused due to this disorder some complications in volvulus can be included ib are given as following

  • harsh  infections of blood can also cause complications in volvulus and damage the abdominal cavity as well as the intestine of the abdominal cavity
  • There is another type of volvulus that has small bowel of the intestine which is due to the lack in the small intestine and the formation of small bowel syndrome may be raftered as malabsorption. it is another type of volvulus. Another type of disorder of the abdominal cavity

 

In the fetus, the volvulus of the small intestine may be caused by the malrotation. Malrotation is a condition or a wrong placement of the intestine in the belly region or it is settled in the wrong way in the abdomen cavity.

This wrong replacement becomes the cause of the blocking of the intestine by the means of twisting in the abdominal cavity. this also blocks the blood vessels and also causes constipation.

In mature humans causes of dieses volvulus are

  • long colon part of the intestine
  • abdominal adhesions appear after operation off belly injury or infections causes volvulus
  • maybe due to disorders of large intestine like Hirschsprung’s disease
  • due to the part of the colon that is not attached by the wall of the abdominal cavity
  • unremitting constipation
  • also happened due to pregnancy duration

there are also risky additional factors that can be the cause of the disease volvulus

  • life form male
  • the people over 60 age
  • nursing home or long term care capability also increases the risk

    this disease volvulus cane be caused by another primary circumstance or physical trouble

it can also be caused or appear by its self in human male-female as well as in children

   Precisions must be done to prevent these conditions which include routine check-up. Do not eat fiber-containing chow. Get treatment of continuous constipation. These complicated conditions may cause volvulus.

Organo axial volvulus 

It is Almost 70%  connected with organo and it is mostly present in mature it happened after traumatic proceedings or hernia para-esophageal portion.

The stomach twisted the long axis in this if the rotation is more the 180 degrees it results in ischemia in adding together to obstruction.  

Mesenteric axial volvulus

It refers in result  more commonly in children as contrasting to mature   the rotation of the stomach, in  short, The treatment of this condition may lead to  laparotomy, insertion of gastrostomy percutaneous pipe and  applicable in  hernia and diaphragmatic spoil patch

Volvulus of midgut  

This is the most comment in children and 9/10 happens in the first year of development this happened in the developmental stage and cause vomiting condition inpatient this result in belly tender and which is due to the liquid present in the lumen of the intestine and this conditions is responsible for body shocks and body instability.

This condition can be seen due to the sporal shape of the intestine in the abdominal cavity

cecal volvulus

This condition is seen in about 3-6 year old and is lesser than all other volvulus in frequency this condition is associated through different factors lack thorough peritoneal fascination and fulcrums of abdominal loads and adhesions.

Patients having this condition have bloated abdomens in totaling vomiting and belly pain patient having this may have cecum twisted and some patient inverted condition of cecum part of the intestine the treatment of this condition may involve the laparotomy absence of oxygen kills the cells and proteins soo while treating the doctor also has to cut the intestine to make sure the body part will be done proper functions and damage part will no longer a part of the body which can make complications.

Some time due to the unavailability of oxygenated blood a longer part of the intestine is damaged so the doctor has to remove that part of the intestine. Due to the longer part of the intestine is loosed so the attachment to two parts of the intestine is very difficult so the doctor will attach the opening of that intestine to the abdominal part known as stomas.

If a person has intestine attached with a stoma the metabolized materials will pass through the stoma openings into the colostomy bag the pathway may be used as permanent or maybe as a temporary treatment. Some time the treated patient has a different location of the appendix .

The doctor has to place this in the right place for preventing future complications if the doctor does not place the appendix in the right place the doctor will unable to detect appendicitis in the patient’s body in the future . 

sigmoidal volvulus 

Sigmoidal volvulus accounts for nearly 60% of this disorder having the large bowel.

Its patients over and over again have abdominal bloating constipation and nausea that may be or may not be accompanied by vomiting.

It is considered to be associated with neurological pathologies for example numerous sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease.  The Causes of this may include.

In adding together the vortex indication a brown bean mark may be seen on an abdominal X-ray which looks approximating an interior hose that is curved. The addition of a rectal tube has  shown to  triumphant in treating this condition in the  majority of case

Diagnosis of volvulus

On-time diagnosis of disorder can lead to successful treatment and pummel outcomes

Different types of tests can prove helpful in diagnosis in volvulus these are as following

A condition in which the intestinal loop twist around its self and supported by the mesentery. Which consequences of bowel hindrance. Sings comprise wounded stool vomiting abdominal bloat pain in the belly. These conditions may be gradual or rapid.

The curl is so tightly some time the blood flow to the part of the intestine may cut off which causes ischemic bowel. In those conditions, the patient may have a fever or feel pain while touching the belly.

The factors which are involved in the happing of volvulus commonly birth fault which we teamed as intestinal malrotation. secondly, if a person having a diet full of fibers increases the chances of that condition.

The dealing of the diseases volvulus may be probable at the initial stage and the method used for treatment is sigmoidoscopy or teamed as a barium enema. The patients of the puberty stage having this disease the most exaggerated parts of the intestine are colon, sigmoid, and cecum.

  • tests of a blood
  • test for scrutinizing blood stool
  • use of Barium X-rays for superior and inferior belly tract
  • checking of belly abnormalities by the help of Computed tomography scan

Complications caused by volvulus

As soon as possible treatment should be done to lessen complication caused due to this disorder

some complications in volvulus can be included are given as follows

  • harsh infections of blood can also cause complications in volvulus and damage the abdominal cavity as well as the intestine of the abdominal cavity
  • there is another type of volvulus that has small bowel of the intestine which is due to the lack in the small intestine and the formation of small bowel syndrome may be raftered as malabsorption. it is another type of volvulus. Another type of disorder of the abdominal cavity

There are different kinds off volvulus on the basis of intestinal curl which are following

  • neonatorum volvulus
  • small intestine volvulus
  • volvulus od midgut intestine
  • volvulus of caecum also called as cecal volvulus
  • simoid volvulus;
  • oblique colon volvulus
  • splenic flexure volvulus also called the rarest
  • gastric volvulus
  • ileostomies volvulus

It occurs when the stomach of the patient make a curl at 180 degrees and curl around mesentery and form a bowel like a barrier in the abdominal cavity  the patient having gastric volvulus also called as Borchardt’s triad

This may sing as sudden and severe pain in the belly region and sometimes uncontrolled vomiting a nasogastric pipe is not able to pass through the gut of intestine 

IN fetus the volvulus of the small intestine may be caused by the malrotation. Malrotation is a condition or a wrong placement of the intestine in the belly region or it is settled in the wrong way in the abdomen cavity.

This wrong replacement becomes the cause of the blocking of the intestine by the means of twisting in the abdominal cavity. this also blocks the blood vessels and also causes constipation.

In mature humans causes of dieses volvulus are

  • long colon part of the intestine
  • abdominal adhesions appear after operation off belly injury or infections causes volvulus
  • maybe due to disorders of large intestine like Hirschsprung’s disease
  • due to the part of the colon that is not attached by the wall of the abdominal cavity
  • unremitting constipation
  • also happened due to pregnancy duration

there are also risky additional factors that can be the cause of the disease volvulus

  • life form male
  • the people over 60 age
  • nursing home or long term care capability also increases the risk

This disease volvulus cane be caused by another primary circumstance or physical trouble

it can also be caused or appear by its self in human male-female as well as in children

 Precisions must be done to prevent these conditions which include routine check-up. Do not eat fiber-containing chow. Get treatment of continuous constipation. These complicated conditions may cause volvulus

It is Almost 70%  connected with orga and it is mostly present in mature it happened after traumatic proceedings or hernia para-esophageal portion.

The stomach twisted the long axis in this if the rotation is more the 180 degrees it results in ischemia in adding together to obstruction.  

The treatment of this condition may lead to  laparotomy, insertion of gastrostomy percutaneous pipe and  applicable in  hernia and diaphragmatic spoil patch

This is the most comment in children and 9/10 happens in the first year of development this happened in the developmental stage and cause vomiting condition inpatient this result in belly tender and which is due to the liquid present in the lumen of the intestine and this conditions is responsible for body shocks and body instability.

This condition can be seen due to the sporal shape of the intestine in the abdominal cavity, this condition is seen in about 3-6 year old and is lesser than all other volvulus in frequency

This condition is associated through different factors lack of thorough peritoneal fascination and fulcrums of abdominal loads and adhesions. Patients having this condition have bloated abdomens in totaling vomiting and belly pain.

Patient having this may have cecum twisted and some patient inverted condition of cecum part of the intestine

the treatment of this condition may involve the  laparotomy

Sigmoidal volvulus accounts for nearly 60% of this disorder having the large bowel.

Its patients over and over again have abdominal bloating constipation and nausea that may be or may not be accompanied by vomiting.

It is considered to be associated with neurological pathologies for example numerous sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease.  The Causes of this may include.

 

In adding together  the vortex indication a brown bean mark may be seen on an abdominal X-ray which looks approximating an interior hose that is curved. The addition of a rectal tube has  shown to  triumphant in treating this condition in the  majority of case

 

  • the complication can also be increased by using such type of food which have a large number of fibers
  • the complications can also b increased due to continuous constipations
  • delay in treatment of volvulus can also increase complication
  • belly may swell and intestine can harm badly by not treating it timely

Treatment of volvulus

On-time treatment should be done to have a healthy life. While treating the volvulus the doctor will cut the abdominal area where the loped intestine is near to the abdominal wall the doctor will take out the damaged intestine and make it sure that the blood will pass through easily to reduce complications .

some time the oxygenated blood did not move through that part of the intestine and may cause the death of cell proteins and many different parts of that intestine.

The absence of oxygen kills the cells and proteins soo while treating the doctor also has to cut the intestine to make sure the body part will be done proper functions and damage part will no longer a part of the body which can make complications .

some time due to the unavailability of oxygenated blood a longer part of the intestine is damaged so the doctor has to remove that part of the intestine.

Due to the longer part of the intestine is loosed so the attachment to two parts of the intestine is very difficult so the doctor will attach the opening of that intestine to the abdominal part known as stomas. If a person has intestine attached with a stoma the metabolized materials will pass through the stoma openings into the colostomy bag the pathway may be used as permanent or maybe as a temporary treatment.

some time the treated patient has a different location of the appendix . the doctor has to place this in the right place for preventing future complications if the doctor does not place the appendix in the right place the doctor will unable to detect appendicitis in the patient’s body in the future. 

the best way is to remove this part of the appendix to reduce the complication that happened due too the appendix problem. There should be a proper checkup and routine meat up with the doctor to make sure the treatment of volvulus at right time.

The treatment for this condition may involve a sigmoidoscopy if mucous of sigmoid  appear normal and looked pink in color a rectal pipe or any liquor electrolyte cardiac may have kidney abnormalities that should be correct  then the patient has to do operate of this or if it is not operated this may lead to high complication

The sings include abdominal catastrophe Cecal

In this condition, the cecum may be replaced and perform normal functions and placed it in its right place and it is done by a particular procedure which is called as cecopexy

acknowledged  intestinal wall are ischemia result in breakdown off tissue by the process cell death known as necrosis  this can be deported 

another volvulus

laparotomy procedure is used for the treatment of volvulus of other kins like anal volvulus

Precisions about Volvulus

Precisions must be done to prevent these conditions which include routine check-up. Do not eat fiber-containing chow. Get treatment of continuous constipation. These complicated conditions may cause volvulus.

Leave a Comment