Brief note on abdominal compartment syndrome

Abdominal compartment syndrome is when stomach hypertension and stomach compartment ailment speak to a range of seriousness leads to death. The range of stomach pressure may be 20 mmHg or higher. There may be many reasons behind this condition. It is very necessary to find the exact reason and remove the cause for normal life. 

Why abdominal compartment syndrome occurs?

There are many causes but some are given below:

  • Abdominopelvic Trauma
  • Bowel Distension
  • Massive Ascites
  • Hemoperitoneum
  • Pancreatitis
  • Retroperitoneal Hemorrhage
  • Liver Transplantation
  • Aggressive Fluid Resuscitation (e.g. sepsis, burn patients, shock states) [1]Annals of B-Pod: Abdominal Compartment Syndrome — Taming the SRU

What are Risk Factors for Abdominal Compartment Syndrome?

  • Abdominal Surgery
  • Acidemia
  • Age
  • Ascites
  • Burns
  • Coagulopathy
  • Colonic Pseudo-obstruction/Ogilvie Syndrome
  • Dialysis
  • Extra-Corporeal Membrane
  • Gastroparesis
  • Hemoperitoneum
  • Hypotension
  • Hypothermia
  • Large Intra-abdominal Tumors
  • lleus
  • Massive Fluid Resuscitation (>3-5L in 24 hours)
  • Mechanical Ventilation with High PEEP (>6 cm H2O)
  • Misplaced Femoral Venous Catheter
  • Obesity
  • Oxygenation
  • Pancreatitis
  • Peritoneal
  • Preeclampsia
  • Rectus Sheath Hematoma
  • Ruptured Aortic Aneurysm
  • Sepsis
  • Trauma   [2]emDOCs.net – Emergency Medicine EducationAbdominal Compartment Syndrome: Pearls & Pitfalls – emDOCs.net – Emergency Medicine Education

How to treat?

The one and only option for  abdominal compartment syndrome is to treat surgically, because it this is not do so it can cause effect on other organs that can leads to death. [3]Surgical Decompression for Abdominal Compartment Syndrome in Severe Acute Pancreatitis | Gastroenterology | JAMA Surgery | JAMA Network

Written by: Dr. Muhammad Mohsin Ahsan

Reviewed by:
Dr. Shafaat Yar Khan  (Ph.D.) 
Medical University of Vienna, Austria    

Present: University of Sargodha, Pakistan

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