The shoulder injury is when the shoulder becomes difficult to move when collagen tissue fiber becomes stiff and hard or its connective tissues like tendon ligament become hard and stiff. A shoulder becomes out and apart if the humorous ball comes out of the shoulder socket. The shoulder moves in a wide-angle and a variable manner. If the shoulder is injured or dislocated it causes very pain disquiet during the movement and unable to move.
Structure of the shoulder.
This joint moves in three dimensions having a different function. These are following bones
Humorous is long and called arm bone
At the terminal of the shoulder blade or scapula present a collar bone
The scapula is covered with a monastic cloak which is short. A sheet of flexible connective tissue provides cushioning to all the three bones; these tissues perform the same protection function in the larynx and the trachea respiratory channel. Sometimes the shoulder is damaged due to great and continuous use and sometimes due to the damage to nerves present in the spinal cord connecting the shoulder bones can cause non-sensory immobility and pang.
The shoulder joint is very complicated and the biggest joint is along with other joints in the body. When the large arm bone humorous joins and fits inside the scapula the shoulder joint is formed like a socket in which the ball is fitted.
There also some more important bones which are:
The bony scapula protrusion is called the acromion
At a joint acromioclavicular joint the bone acromion fuse with the bone called the clavicle
Another hook-like protrusion of the scapula is called the coracoids
Some important structure of shoulder joint
The shoulder joint is surrounded by several tendon and muscle tissue clusters called the rotator cuff. Its primary function is to provide support aid and wide-angled movement
The end of the humorous which is fitted inside the joint is surrounded by a cuff of cartilage tissues called the labrum.
The shoulder joint is not fitted so tight providing a wide-angle movement but this also makes the joint susceptible to damage or injury.
Shoulder muscles: The 3 main bones of the joint are attached to approximately 8 muscles. The shape and outer and inner lining of the joint is made up of these muscles. These muscles provide different functions like wide-angle movement, protection, shape balance.
The largest muscles present inside the shoulder joint are called the deltoid. It is triangular it runs along the joint and makes its shape round. It produces compression from two sites above the shoulder in the direction of clavicle and second is from behind the shoulder joint opposite to scapula.
This muscle is also connect at the centre of the large bone humorous stretching down Different muscles have a different function, for example, to lift the arm upward and helping in the contractions and relaxation of pectoral muscles present in the chest. This large muscle helps in lifting heavy objects and preventing the dislocation of the joint by holding firmly.
Some other muscles which also take part in the motion of the shoulder are:
The arm is raised and pulls down with help of infraspinatus muscle cuff
The arm is straightened with the help of triceps present at the lower side of the arm
The arm is pulled from the armpit toward the clavicle bone and lower across the fan-like pectoral Muscles called the pectoralis major. This Muscle is also connected with the breast bone called the sternum.
Some muscles arise from the upper ribs and attached to the shoulder joint called pectoralis minor.
The rotation of the upper arm is carried by the help of teres major muscles.
The muscles present on the upper area of the humorous are called biceps; they flex the muscles to bend with the cooperation with the triceps by negative feedback contraction and relaxation with triceps.
The arm is moved close and away from the body also rotated with the help of latissimus dorsi muscles.
The humorous is rotated with the help of subscapularis the large muscle having triangular shape located at the end of humorous connected to the clavicle.
The arm is moved away from the body with the help of supraspinatus
The rotator cuff is composed of 4 muscles which are tare minor, subscapularis, supraspinatus and infraspinatus. This cup holds the humorous inside the socket joint and balances and maintains its shape and helps in the movement.
this group of muscles are used to lift heavy objects and cause Wide Angle moments shoulder bones must be in alignment to do search function if any change in the alignment occurs by lifting overload the joint cause pain the joint injury can also be done falling from it stretching and bending of the joint this cause pain and swelling on the joint and cause immobile of the joint
What Is a Dislocation?
moving apart the bones forming the jaw joint the irregular alignment of these bones is called this location sometime bones did not dislocated completely but slightly move from its position which is called shifting or subluxation these bones can be moved its original position bye it’s on or some therapy if not present on its perfect alignment they cause severe pain
the broken bone also cause the same effect so it is difficult to diagnose whether the injury is this located or broken bone sometimes in a severe accident both the dislocate injury and broken bone injury occur requiring intense medical supervision and treatment bleeding can also occur inside the joint causing the injury more complex swelling can also occur during dislocation of joint some nerve can be stretched and damaged in this case the pain continue to happen until the joint bones come into perfect alignment on its original position and the nerve
Causes of shoulder pain
the shoulder pain can be caused due to different conditions which cause the problem with the joint shape and structure and ultimately its function osteoarthritis the bones are covered with a smooth and flexible sheet of cartilage tissues which provide questioning and protection against the injury they are present around all the joint where two bones made osteoarthritis the bones are covered with a smooth and flexible sheet of cartilage tissues which provide protection their present on the junction where two bones meet each other when the cartilage is in good condition it helps in a smooth motion of the joint these cartilage tissues become less flexible or damaged by an N injury leads to osteoarthritis development
Swelling off-shoulder capsule
The membrane covering the joint cards novel membrane sometimes swells up buy different condition call synovitis
If the whole shoulder capsule swells up or becomes enlarge and tight this condition is called frozen shoulder causing immobile of the joint or the arm the shoulder become immobile or frozen due to injury surgery or unknown cause.
Inflamed Bursa it is sac covering the joint filled with fluid which reduces the friction between the bones muscles and other structure of the joint if the moment is done continuously these cushions can be damaged causing the pain and immobility
Injuries and sprains
the joint pain can also be due to the damage to the ligament issues ligaments join the two bones at the joint providing stability and keeping the balance during the movement any damage to these ligaments can cause pain which cannot be drying pain can also be due to the dammit to the ligament issues ligament join the two bones at the joint providing stability and keeping the bones in balance during the moment any damage to these ligaments cause the pain which can retain for some time or short time ultimately the bones at the joint cannot be attached causing the dislocation completely the humorous comes out of the socket this occur due to continuously moment for a long period for example during cricket throwing the Baal continuously Ek Bar shoulder joint is hit the membrane covering the joint filled with fluid can also be damage-causing joint apart or dislocate
this type of problem 0ccur in the footballers take the hits on the shoulder from another player during the play causing the damage to the number of muscles and tendons which are responsible for holding the joint in place and proper moment of the joint
Signs and Symptoms of shoulder injury
the shoulder pain cause different symptoms this pain starts from the upper side of the joint and runs into Deep of the type of injury can be designated and described concerning its symptoms and location and related to structures causing the pain sometimes it is difficult to move the joint the shoulder and feels pain during the moment or feeling pain in the whole arm during joint is dislocated during the moment the patient feels the sleeping out the humorous from the socket of the shoulder feeling pain sensation like needles for burning pain symptoms are related with the nerves of the clavicle and the shoulder the difficulty in the movement of the shoulder is due to the pain when the nerve damage the arm cannot be lifted correct way
- Slippering sensation of humorous from the socket
- Pine needle sensation
- Nerve damage
Diagnoses of a shoulder injury
Diagnose shoulder injury is treated with the therapist orthopedics and another medical worker which are trained to investigate the cause of injury and the cure of the pain diagnoses is done by a different procedure
First, the doctor asks around the patient including potential how the patient got injured analyzing the severity of the injury and the type of injury making the first step toward the diagnosis of the injury. The examination is done in different ways they can be a physical examination or conducting differ medical examination using ultrasound or x-rays to locate the fracture or dislocation of joint or any damage to the nerve
During the physical examination, the doctor asks questions and gathers the initial information about the injury which leads to the primary cause of injury. The doctor may also ask for another medical test if he is not able to diagnose the injury physically. During the physical examination, Doctor examines the part or structure which is not at its proper location it also sees the swelling and where the pain arises from and how much area is affected.
The internal picture of the joint is taken with the help of X-Ray imaging. this image provides knowledge about which joint is dislocated bone is not at its proper position and it does not show the damage to the muscle-tendon cartilage are covering membrane changes in its structure it also provides information about the bone fractures
The damage to soft tissues like muscle-tendon Cockatiel age cannot be e scene with the help of X-Ray whether it is done by ultrasound to investigate inflammation are swelling or any damage to these tissues it also provides information to know the cause of pain whether it is to born cartilage or muscle tissue if the complete diagnosis is to be carried out then both x-ray and ultrasound are managed both these test let us know about the state of the joint bones and its muscles and tendons
CT scan and MRI Scan
These tests are the secondary test, not the primary test to investigate shoulder pain. When a severe accident occurs and the cause of the pain is not this location rather the fracture in the bone then these tests are carried out concerning these examinations the surgeon the father treatment which is required to cure the injury off the shoulder joint.
The shoulder joint injury is treated in many ways including physiotherapy occupational therapy heat and cold packs and other medication involved surgery
Physiotherapy is the first treatment which is carried out to reduce the pain it consists of stretching our simple exercise to fix the issue weakness and hardness of the tissues like muscles are cured with these simple set of physiotherapy exercises it also prefers or suggests to reduce the other activities like daily work sport and other such activity which are damaging or can cause any weakness and hardness of the tissues like muscles are with these simple set of physiotherapy exercises it also prefers or suggests to the other activities like work sport and other such activity which are damaging or can cause any pain to the patient after Physiotherapy exercises and complete cure of the muscles the patient can do their routine work and sport whenever possible physiotherapy is done in cases related to a sports injury or mild joint injury.
shoulder joint injury makes the everyday work difficult our difficult to lift something even to work because it also involves the movement of the shoulder joint during walking then further treatment is done with occupational therapy This therapy lets us know how to do daily work like driving, washing clothes and carrying out other activities. it also gives us the necessary equipment and devices to make it easier to work the routine of daily during the treatment
Heat and cold packs
the temporary relief in the pain at the hardness of the muscle can be reduced with the application of heat and cold packs it makes the circulation of blood more in that area of injury result in the the decrease in the pain this procedure is a very cheap and Handi
medication involve using painkiller anti inflammatory e tablets and antibiotic drugs to decrease the pain during medication very low dose of inflammatory recovering drugs are use such as Paracetamol this medication can be use with the consult meet of the doctor if you have any issue such as high blood pressure or other cardiac disorder or disease of kidney this medication should not be used for long period of time at think that 20 are not the permanent solution of the pain you have to use other available treatment option with the advice of your doctor if the pain remain for long period of time after using the primary medication.
the doctor may advise to take corticosteroid injection it is also important to know that the use of these drug also side effects with your Kidneys and liver are other organs a person can tolerate the side effects of that they can use these drugs to decrease the pain where induction can be used more than one time and degree of the pain during the mobile off shoulder joint doctor may suggest hydro dilation it is injected into the joint it contain salt and steroid in different cases use of hydro dilation is supported by many evidences that it decrease pain and help in movement after this treatment physiotherapy is done which also furthermore increased immobility and reduce the pain
If the patient shoulder pain did not recover with the previously described treatment then surgery is carried out the treatment the previous treatment including physiotherapy is also necessary before the surgery and after that surgery, the habitation is done with physiotherapy exercises and previously described treatments this is called post-surgery treatments these are good and important after that surgery
Self-management of shoulder pain
Most people are recovered with previously described treatment while some patients require rehabilitation program which helps them to do routine work and moments in this condition the patient has to consult the physiotherapist or other occupational therapist for post-surgical rehabilitation program
Precautions about a shoulder injury
shoulder joint always use when a single moment is done during daily routine work ok it can be used to pick something moving walking crowing and grab something from the ground these all functions can be performed when the shoulder is in perfect condition how many e numbers of motions the chance of injury is increased shoulder is the most susceptible joint to injury the shoulder is widely used when a person left their hand above the head to work like a painting hanging curtains or electrician making the fan right this problem is furthermore devastating when the motion is repeated several times the repeated motion make the muscles hard and tendon and cartilage weak but your shoulder can get hurt in other ways too:
Other cause of damage to the shoulder joint
- Damage to the rotator cuff
- swollen off cushion pads of the joint
- Dislocation of bone
- Frozen or Immobile shoulder
Prevention of shoulder injury
The shoulder problem can be healed without surgery this is good news but we have to to do our best to avoid searching problem hair I described some of that by which we can prevent the shoulder joint injury
- Observe your body if your shoulder becomes stiff and feeling pain listening to it doesn’t make it easy if the pain persists when you contact your doctor.
- Do not remain in an uncomfortable body posture for a long time.
- Exercise is a good thing but only if it is done in a better way. Warm-up before starting the exercise. It makes the muscle prepared for heavy workout and stretching and bending.
Daily routine: During the daily routine work you should always keep the following things in mind such as
o Good body posture
o You have to learn the right way to lift any even a small weight
o Take some time during repeated exercises and stretching and bending
o If you are a computer operator you should make your desk perfectly align concerning your hands and body position and shoulder
All the above-mentioned treatments precautions preventions therapies exercises will help you to recover if you get hurt your shoulder and some of them listed below
- Take rest and apply ice to the shoulder after a regular interval of a few hours. If the pain persists, ask your doctor to take another painkiller like Ibuprofen diclofenac sodium and aspirin.
- If your surgeon doctor suggests physical therapy you have to do it daily.
- Don’t wear tight dresses which limit your shoulder movement; you have to keep your arm free.