Diagnosis and treatment of penetrating head injury

Penetrating brain injury (PBI) is a terrible brain injury  that can damage the brain and its bones as well as the layers of the brain. Fractures of the cranium and sinking inside the brain can affect brain function and cause severe damage. There may be a hole in the brain which can lead to death.
Penetrating brain injury are the most damaging injuries of head. [1]Penetrating head injury – Wikipedia

Causes

There are many causes of Penetrating head injuries like road accidents, fights, bluets, injury during sports etc. History tells us use of hand mettle arms in battles fields are the most causative agent for this kind of injury. [2]Penetrating Head Trauma – StatPearls – NCBI Bookshelf (nih.gov)

Diagnosis and treatment

For diagnosis of  Penetrating brain injury (PBI) There are fowling options are available, and use according to situations.

X-rays

X-rays will be performed to take image of fracture area.

CT Scan

CT Scan is the other diagnostic tool to get deep observations.

MRI 

MRI is the third one option for diagnosis of this injury. MRI can only use when there should no metal  or metal  particle present in defectives area.

There is only one treatment option is and this is surgery. Surgery will be perform according to the severity of hit [3]Management of penetrating brain injury Kazim SF, Shamim MS, Tahir MZ, Enam SA, Waheed S – J Emerg Trauma Shock (onlinejets.org)

 

Reviewed by:

Dr. Iqra Chaudhary

MBBS, RMP

Medical Officer, Red crescent hospital, Sargodha

Our reviewers’ details, Click Here

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